Depression is a severe disorder that affects mental health and leads to negative emotions. The feelings of sadness and grief that diminish the ability to focus and brain functioning is depression, also called a major depressive disorder. The thoughts of lacking interest in life and work tend to intense hopelessness and worthless emotions and last for days to weeks to months; a person might have clinical depression. The study shows that depression has become a worldwide mental illness. The causes of depression vary from relationship problems, family suffering to lost work productivity.
Symptoms of depression include restlessness, pessimism and hopelessness, trouble concentrating and focusing, headaches and body aches, fatigue, persistent sadness, and suicidal thoughts. The assessment test to diagnose depression is necessary where all these symptoms make sure a clinical depression. Luckily, after diagnosis, this mental illness is treatable, and psychologists have an intervention to assist the patient in fighting depression.
How does a psychologist help fight depression?
Psychologists are highly trained professionals to treat mental illnesses as they have qualifications, licenses, and experience. They assist their patients in recovering from their stressful situations and depression. Psychologists can deal with the depressed patient's behavior through psychotherapy.
Psychological therapies with necessary medicines can help the patient to recover from depression. Psychologists play a vital role in this case as they listen, identify, and deal with the problems of the depressive patient. In psychotherapy, psychologists spot the depressive events of the patient that left their impact even if the patient doesn't realize. It's necessary to accept the sad moment to get over that feeling, and usually, depressive disorder patients can't take their tragic events. Psychologists help their patients to settle their realistic goals after knowing their reasons for pessimism. It's one of the most common symptoms of depressed patients that they can't feel optimism. They observe the distorted thought process of the patient and enhance their skills to cope with the overthinking and distracted thoughts process.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT) are the most popular evidence-based therapies psychologists utilize.
In CBT, patients get identification to deal with their negative feelings that contribute to depressive thoughts. Patients learn how to modify unrealistic behavioral patterns that create pessimistic emotions. This therapy improves the inaccurate behavior of the patient and helps the patient realize all these negativities.
Interpersonal therapy (IPT)
Interpersonal therapy is a therapy in which patients identify their skills and behavior with relationships by expressing sentiments. In this therapy, psychologists assist their patients to develop social behavior and organize social relations by coping with stress and depressive thoughts.
Depression can be treated with the help of psychologists. It should never be ignored because it's not just an emotion, but a severe mental illness that can even lead to suicide. According to World Health Organization, around 350 million people suffer from depression globally. It's a large number, and every person should be aware of their feelings and pessimistic emotions. People should seek help from psychologists and get rid of depressive thoughts and restlessness caused by depression.